If you see the oppression of the poor, and the violent perversion of justice and righteousness in a province, do not marvel at the matter; for high official watches over high official, and higher officials are over them. (Ecclesiastes 5:8, NKJV)
Social and judicial oppression, and miscarriages of justice are not surprising by those in power. Solomon saw it in his day, and we see it today. Bureaucracy often frustrates justice, especially when officials with corrupt hearts protect their comrades as they oppress the innocent. In such a system of oversight, the oppressor is himself often oppressed by his superior. Hence, Solomon observed the systemic corruption of unrighteous rulers. In the context of Ecclesiastes, this is but another reason not to set one’s hope upon earthly position and power. With it comes its own set of temptations, troubles and trials. Pursuing it is vanity and “grasping for the wind.” Therefore Christian, set your hope upon things eternal, not upon the shifting sands of human greed and power over others.